At each Precinct Caucus, Precinct Delegates and Alternates are elected to serve two-year terms until the next Precinct Caucus. Delegates and twice as many Alternates are allocated to each Precinct based on the number of votes that were cast in the Precinct for the Republican Party's endorsed candidate for Governor or President in the most recent completed general election.

Alternates are important because if a Delegate cannot attend a convention, then an Alternate represents the Precinct in their place.

Subject to available seats as a result of absent Delegates, a seated Alternate has the same rights and responsibilities at a convention as any other Delegate.

Alternates are typically ranked in order to expedite the process of seating them during a convention.